Grammar

Download E-books The Verb Phrase in English: Investigating Recent Language Change with Corpora (Studies in English Language) PDF

The chapters during this quantity function new and groundbreaking study performed by means of top students and promising younger researchers from world wide on fresh alterations within the English verb word. Drawing on actual corpus information, the papers reflect on either spoken and written English in numerous genres. each one contribution will pay specific awareness to the methodologies used for investigating momentary styles of switch in English, with particular discussions of controversies during this zone. This state of the art assortment is key examining for historians of the English language, syntacticians and corpus linguists.

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Download E-books Cleft Structures (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today) PDF

The phenomenon of clefts is past doubt a golden oldie. It has captivated linguists of other disciplines for many years. The fascination arises from the original syntax of clefts in interplay with their pragmatic and semantic interpretation. Clefts constitution sentences in accordance with the knowledge kingdom of the elements contained in them. they're specified as they show a slightly unusual syntactic shape to accomplish the separation of the in demand half, both focal or topical, from the history of the clause. regardless of the iconic curiosity in clefts, linguists haven't but come to an contract on many simple questions. The articles contained during this quantity tackle those concerns from new theoretical and empirical views. in keeping with info from approximately 50 languages from around the world, this quantity provides new arguments for the correct derivation of clefts, and contributes to the continued debate at the information-structural influence of cleft buildings. Theoretically, it combines sleek syntactic theorizing with investigations on the interface among grammar and information-structure.

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Download E-books Variation and Morphosyntactic Change in Greek: From Clitics to Affixes (Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change) PDF

This booklet bargains with a number of the significant theoretical and descriptive issues of the old linguist. the writer provides a variationist research of vulnerable item pronoun placement in Greek in the course of a transitional interval of the language while those parts exhibited either clitic-like and affix-like behaviour. The statistical research of the knowledge, supplying the 1st actual description of the development of version, is utilized in exhibiting that current bills fall in need of an entire rationalization. an alternate procedure forces re-assessment of the position of generalizations in linguistic clarification.

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Download E-books Objects and Information Structure (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) PDF

By Mary Dalrymple

In lots of languages, the gadgets of transitive verbs are both marked through grammatical case or contract at the verb, or they continue to be unmarked: this is often differential item marking. This publication is a cross-linguistic examine of ways differential item marking is suffering from info constitution, the structuring of the utterance based on the informational price of its parts and contextual components. Marked items are usually linked to previous info or details that the sentence is set, whereas unmarked gadgets are likely to convey new details. The booklet additionally sheds gentle on grammatical patterning in languages with differential item marking: in a few languages marked and unmarked items have exact grammatical homes, while in different languages marked items are extra lively in syntax. eventually, it presents a thought of the old adjustments that result in the emergence of assorted styles of differential item marking.

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Download E-books An Introduction to Linguistic Typology PDF

By Viveka Velupillai

This transparent and obtainable advent to linguistic typology covers all linguistic domain names from phonology and morphology over parts-of-speech, the NP and the vice chairman, to basic and complicated clauses, pragmatics and language switch. there's additionally a dialogue on methodological concerns in typology. This textbook is the 1st advent that regularly applies the findings of the World Atlas of Language Structures, systematically comprises pidgin and creole languages and devotes a bit to signal languages in every one bankruptcy. All chapters include a variety of illustrative examples and particular characteristic maps. key phrases and routines support evaluate the most issues of every bankruptcy. Appendices offer macro information for the entire languages pointed out within the booklet in addition to an inventory of websites of typological curiosity. an in depth thesaurus offers at-a-glance definitions of the phrases utilized in the booklet. This creation is designed for college kids of classes with a spotlight on language variety and typology, in addition to typologically-oriented classes in morphology and syntax. The publication also will function a advisor for box linguists.

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Download E-books The Function of Function Words and Functional Categories (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today) PDF

This quantity brings jointly papers which deal with more than a few matters concerning the syntax of functionality phrases and useful different types within the Germanic languages. The works provided during this quantity derive in particular from comparative reviews of Germanic; while all of them endure at once on long-standing difficulties in syntactic conception and common grammar. The contributions contain novel theoretical and empirical techniques to infinitives, the syntax and acquisition of Verb moment, the constitution and interpretation of current annoying, the syntax and semantics of reflexives, the connection among expletive syntax and the EPP, the syntax of ownership, and the DP-internal syntax of pronouns. a few contributions current the result of experimental learn which offer a wholly clean standpoint on formerly unchallenged claims.

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Download E-books Complex Predicates: Cross-linguistic Perspectives on Event Structure PDF

Complicated predicates are multipredicational, yet monoclausal constructions. they've got confirmed not easy for linguistic idea, relatively for proposed differences among the lexicon, morphology, and syntax. This quantity specializes in the mapping from morphosyntactic buildings to occasion constitution, and specifically the restrictions on attainable mappings. the quantity showcases the 'coverb construction', a fancy predicate development which, even though common, has bought little realization within the literature. The coverb development contrasts with extra prevalent serial verb structures. The coverb development commonly maps merely to occasion buildings like these of monomorphemic verbs, while serial verb structures map to quite a number occasion constructions differing from these of monomorphemic verbs. the quantity insurance is really cross-linguistic, together with languages from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, East Africa and North the US. the quantity establishes a brand new area of study in occasion constitution, syntax, and cross-linguistic typology.

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Download E-books A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language PDF

This can be a revised moment variation of a brand new Arabic Grammar of the Written Language first released in 1962. it truly is according to and replaces Thatcher's Arabic Grammar and has a vocabulary of over 4,000 phrases, virtually two times as many as within the outdated Thatcher, whereas the variety of chapters has been elevated from forty-nine to fifty-two.The complement incorporates a variety of new positive factors. except choices from the Qur'an, fables, tales, newspaper extracts, ads and letters, extra fabric within the kind of extracts from classical and sleek Arabic writings and proverbs is integrated. Appendix A offers an invaluable advent to the most colloquial Arabic dialects, Appendix B, an invaluable studying consultant, and Appendix C, additional grammatical info no longer provided within the first edition.This is primarily a realistic grammar, no longer a sophisticated reference grammar like Wright's. it truly is intended for the newbie who's now not conversant in the peculiarities of Semitic languages. it's going to meet so much scholars' wishes for the 1st or 3 years in their examine.

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